Family, External Environment and Gender Attitudes: Evidence from Students' Survey
Tendai Zawaira (),
Matthew Clance and
Carolyn Chisadza ()
Additional contact information
Tendai Zawaira: Department of Economics, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield 0028, South Africa
Carolyn Chisadza: Department of Economics, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield 0028, South Africa
No 202235, Working Papers from University of Pretoria, Department of Economics
We use student survey data to investigate the role of family and environmental influences in shaping gender attitudes within young adults. Our main objective is to test if there is correlation between explicit and implicit gender attitudes amongst this group. We found that although levels of implicit bias (note that we define implicit bias as a stronger association towards men with careers and women with family or higher positive IAT scores.) vary systematically with other demographic characteristics, there is not a consistent correlation between implicit and explicit gender attitudes. We also found that females hold more rigid implicit traditional gender role ideology compared to the males even though females are more likely than males to explicitly lobby for gender equality. We also show that to some degree, the media in its current state has helped reinforce rather than challenge traditional gender role ideology. Individuals who spend more time on social media were found to have more implicit bias than those who spend less time on these platforms. Overall, these results suggest that in order to effectively tackle gender inequality, a wider policy approach is required, one that can address some of these factors that contribute to gender unequal outcomes.
Pages: 34 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gen
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pre:wpaper:202235
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Working Papers from University of Pretoria, Department of Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Rangan Gupta ().