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The Effects of Rural Electrification on Employment: New Evidence from South Africa

Taryn Dinkelman

No 1255, Working Papers from Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Research Program in Development Studies.

Abstract: This paper estimates the impact of electrification on employment growth by analyzing South Africa's mass roll-out of electricity to rural households. Using several new data sources and two different identification strategies (an instrumental variables strategy and a fixed effects approach), nd that electrification significantly raises female employment within 5 years. This new infras- tructure appears to increase hours of work for men and women, while reducing female wages and increasing male earnings. Several pieces of evidence suggest that household electrification raises employment by releasing women from home production and enabling micro-enterprizes. Migration behavior may also be affected.

Keywords: electrification; labor markets; women; electricity; employment; South Africa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J08 J16 J20 J60 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010-08
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (4) Track citations by RSS feed

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