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An Early Evaluation of a HighScope-Based Curriculum Intervention in Rural Thailand

Wisuwat Chujan and Weerachart Kilenthong
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Wisuwat Chujan: University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce

PIER Discussion Papers from Puey Ungphakorn Institute for Economic Research

Abstract: This paper evaluates the early impact of an early childhood curriculum intervention on child development. Impact is measured at the end of the academic year, one year after implementation. Teachers in rural childcare centers in northeastern Thailand were encouraged to employ the new curriculum, which is based primarily on the HighScope approach. We overcome the endogenous decision of teachers to adopt the new curriculum by using the randomization of additional teachers as an instrument. We find that the new curriculum significantly improved child development in multiple dimensions, including gross motor, fine motor, expressive language, and personal and social skills. We also find evidence that exposure to the new curriculum significantly helps children with absent parents more than children with at least one parent present. The results are robust with regards to various estimation methods, child development measures, and sample selections.

Keywords: early childhood education; early childhood curriculum intervention; HighScope; child development; developing country; rural development; impact evaluation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 J13 J24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 37 page
Date: 2019-01, Revised 2019-01
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