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Skill, Innovation and Wage Inequality: Can Immigrants be the Trump Card?

Gouranga Das and Sugata Marjit
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Sugata Marjit: Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta(CSSSC).

No 594, Discussion Papers Series from University of Queensland, School of Economics

Abstract: With the ensuing immigration reform in the US, the paper shows that targeted skilled immigration into the R&D sector that helps low-skilled labor is conducive for controlling inequality and raising wage. Skilled talent-led innovation could have spillover benefits for the unskilled sector while immigration into the production sector will always reduce wage, aggravating wage inequality. In essence, we infer: (i) if R&D inputs contributes only to skilled sector, wage inequality increases in general; (ii) for wage gap to decrease, R&D sector must produce inputs that goes into unskilled manufacturing sector; (iii) even with two types of specific R&D inputs entering into the skilled and unskilled sectors separately, unskilled labor is not always benefited by high skilled migrants into R&D-sector. Rather, it depends on the importance of migrants’ skill in R&D activities and intensity of inputs. Inclusive immigration policy requires inter-sectoral diffusion of ideas embedded in talented immigrants targeted for innovation.

Keywords: H1B; Immigration; Innovation; Wage gap; Skill; R&D; Policy; RAISE Act (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J31 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ino, nep-int, nep-lma, nep-mig and nep-ure
Date: 2018-05-22
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http://www.uq.edu.au/economics/abstract/594.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Skill, Innovation and Wage Inequality: Can Immigrants be the Trump Card? (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Skill, Innovation and Wage Inequality: Can Immigrants be the Trump Card? (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Skill, innovation and wage inequality: Can immigrants be the trump card? (2018) Downloads
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