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The evolution of the association between ICT use and reading achievement in 28 countries

Francesca Borgonovi and Magdalena Pokropek
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Francesca Borgonovi: Social Research Institute, Institute of Education, University College London, 55-59 Gordon Square, London WC1H 0NU, UK
Magdalena Pokropek: Educational Research Institute (IBE), ul. Górczewska 8, 01-180 Warszawa, Poland

No 21-14, DoQSS Working Papers from Quantitative Social Science - UCL Social Research Institute, University College London

Abstract: This paper examines the evolution of 15-year-old students’ use of ICT for leisure and for learning at school and at home between 2009 and 2018. It also considers how the association between different forms of ICT use and reading achievement evolved over the same period. Results indicate that in 2018 15-year-old students used ICT for leisure and for learning more than their counterparts did in 2009 and that the increase was especially marked when considering ICT used for learning (both at school and at home). Boys increased their use of ICT for leisure and their use of ICT for learning at school more than girls did. Trends in ICT use did not differ by socio-economic condition. Over the same period, no quantitatively meaningful changes in reading achievement were observed. In line with the previous literature, we find that the association between different forms of ICT use and reading achievement takes an inverted U shape, with students engaging in low and high levels of use having lower levels of reading achievement than students engaged in medium levels of use. Over time, the association between different uses of ICT and reading achievement changed and became more positive at low levels of use and less negative at high levels of use. However, the large and rapid increases in levels of use observed between 2009 and 2018 led to more students being located in the ‘high levels of use’ category. The cumulative, contrasting effects of changes in levels of use and changes in the association between ICT use and reading achievement led to stable levels of achievement at the population level.

Keywords: ICT use; reading achievement; trends; cross-country; PISA (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 I24 I26 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-04-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ict and nep-ure
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