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Aging nations and the future of cities

Carl Gaigne and Jacques Thisse ()

No 09-13, Working Papers SMART - LERECO from INRA UMR SMART-LERECO

Abstract: We investigate whether an aging population may challenge the supremacy of large working-cities. To this end, we develop an economic geography model with two types of individuals (the elderly and workers) and two sectors (consumer services and manufacturing). Individuals are geographically mobile and their agglomeration within a city generates rising urban costs through competition for land. When the elderly are immobile and equally distributed between cities, an aging population works against the agglomeration of production. When the elderly are free to choose their residence, the most likely scenario is such that the city with the lower share of old people follows a U-shaped curve. Increasing commuting costs cut short the first phase in which the employment share decreases

Keywords: economic geography; aging population; spatial mobility; sectoral mobility; commuting costs (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F12 F16 J60 L13 R12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age, nep-geo and nep-ure
Date: 2009
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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Related works:
Journal Article: AGING NATIONS AND THE FUTURE OF CITIES* (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Aging nations and the future of cities (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Aging nations and the future of cities (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Aging Nations and the Future of Cities (2009) Downloads
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