External shocks and FX intervention policy in emerging economies
Alex Carrasco Martinez and
No 2020-015, Working Papers from Banco Central de Reserva del Perú
This paper discusses the role of sterilized foreign exchange (FX) interventions as a monetary policy instrument for emerging market economies in response to external shocks. We develop a model for a commodity exporting small open economy in which FX intervention is considered as a balance sheet policy induced by a financial friction in the form of an agency problem between banks and its creditors. The severity of banks’ agency problem depends directly on a bank-level measure of currency mismatch. Endogenous deviations from the standard UIP condition arise at equilibrium. In this context, FX interventions moderate the response of financial and macroeconomic variables to external shocks by leaning against the wind with respect to real exchange rate pressures. Our quantitative results indicate that, conditional to external shocks, the FX intervention policy successfully reduces credit, investment, and output volatility, along with substantial welfare gains when compared to a free-floating exchange rate regime. Finally, we explore distinct generalizations of the model that eliminate the presence of endogenous UIP deviations. In those cases, FX intervention operations are considerably less effective for the aggregate equilibrium.
Keywords: Foreign Exchange Intervention; External Shocks; Monetary Poliy; Financial Dollarization; Financial Frictions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E32 E44 E52 F31 F41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://www.bcrp.gob.pe/docs/Publicaciones/Documen ... trabajo-015-2020.pdf Application/pdf
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 403 Forbidden
Working Paper: External Shocks and FX Intervention Policy in Emerging Economies (2021)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2020-015
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Working Papers from Banco Central de Reserva del Perú Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Research Unit ().