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R&D and Productivity in the US and the EU: Sectoral Specificities and Differences in the Crisis

Davide Castellani (), Mariacristina Piva (), Torben Schubert and Marco Vivarelli ()

No jhd-dp2016-03, John H Dunning Centre for International Business Discussion Papers from Henley Business School, Reading University

Abstract: Using data on the US and EU top R&D spenders from 2004 until 2012, this paper investigates the sources of the US/EU productivity gap. We find robust evidence that US firms have a higher capacity to translate R&D into productivity gains (especially in the high-tech industries), and this contributes to explaining the higher productivity of US firms. Conversely, EU firms are more likely to achieve productivity gains through capital-embodied technological change at least in medium and low-tech sectors. Our results also show that the US/EU productivity gap has worsened during the crisis period, as the EU companies have been more affected by the economic crisis in their capacity to translate R&D investments into productivity. Based on these findings, we make a case for a learning-based and selective R&D funding, which - instead of purely aiming at stimulating higher R&D expenditures - works on improving the firms' capabilities to transform R&D into productivity gains.

Keywords: R&D; productivity; economic crisis; US; EU (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O33 O51 O52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-eff, nep-ent, nep-eur, nep-ino, nep-sbm and nep-tid
Date: 2016-06
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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Related works:
Journal Article: R&D and productivity in the US and the EU: Sectoral specificities and differences in the crisis (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: R&D and Productivity in the US and the EU: Sectoral Specificities and Differences in the Crisis (2016) Downloads
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