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Barriers to Entry and Regional Economic Growth in China

Loren Brandt (), Gueorgui Kambourov and Kjetil Storesletten ()
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Gueorgui Kambourov: University of Toronto

No 954, 2018 Meeting Papers from Society for Economic Dynamics

Abstract: The non-state manufacturing sector has been the engine of China's economic transformation. Up through the mid-1990s, the sector exhibited large regional differences; subsequently we observe rapid convergence in terms of new firm start-up rates, productivity, and wages. To analyze the drivers of this behavior, we construct a Melitz (2003) model that incorporates location-specific capital wedges, output wedges, and a novel entry barrier. Using Chinese Industry Census data for 1995, 2004, and 2008, we estimate these wedges and examine their role in explaining differences in performance across prefectures and over time. Entry barriers turn out to be the salient friction for explaining performance differences. We investigate the empirical covariates of these entry barriers and find that barriers are causally related to the size of the state sector. Thus, the downsizing of the state sector after 1997 may be important in explaining the rapid manufacturing growth over the 1995-2008 period.

Date: 2018
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-cna, nep-cse, nep-ent, nep-sbm, nep-tid, nep-tra and nep-ure
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https://economicdynamics.org/meetpapers/2018/paper_954.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Barriers to Entry and Regional Economic Growth in China (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Barriers to Entry and Regional Economic Growth in China (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Barriers to Entry and Regional Economic Growth in China (2018) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:red:sed018:954

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