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Temperature anomalies, radiative forcing and ENSO

Claudio Morana () and Giacomo Sbrana ()

Working Paper series from Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis

Abstract: The paper investigates the linkages between temperature anomalies, radiative forcing and ENSO. By means of a new flexible trend modeling approach, we uncover a nonlinear linkage between radiative forcing and global temperature anomalies. The nonlinear trend closely tracks the low frequency evolution in temperature anomalies, also accounting for the mid-end 1990s level switch, the 1998-2013 "warming hiatus" and the current steepening in trend temperatures. Radiative forcing is also found to account for trend dynamics in the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI), therefore providing support for the view that global warming might affect natural variability oscillations such as ENSO, and therefore enhance their disruptive effects. We also document the feature of time-varying volatility of temperature anomalies and SOI, which is well described by an IGARCH process. By means of a new dynamic conditional correlation model (SP-DCC), we finally document the presence of time-varying conditional correlations relating temperature anomalies across various zones and SOI. The correlation pattern is found to be consistent with the effects of ENSO events in the Tropics and their teleconnections.

Keywords: Temperature anomaly; global warming; warming hiatus; radiative forcing; ENSO; El Niño; conditional heteroskedasticity; semiparametric dynamic conditional correlation model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-env
Date: 2017-02
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http://www.rcea.org/RePEc/pdf/wp17-06.pdf

Related works:
Working Paper: Temperature Anomalies, Radiative Forcing and ENSO (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Temperature Anomalies, Radiative Forcing and ENSO (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Temperature anomalies, radiative forcing and ENSO (2017) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:rim:rimwps:17-06

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