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Fiscal incentives to pension savings – are they efficient?

Joanna Tyrowicz, Krzysztof Makarski and Artur Rutkowski
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Artur Rutkowski: FAME|GRAPE

Working Paper series from Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis

Abstract: Financing consumption of the elderly in the face of the projected increase in life expectancy is a key challenge for economic policy. Moreover, standard structural models with fully rational agents suggest that about 50-60 percent of old-age consumption is financed with voluntary savings, even in the presence of a fairly generous public pension system. This is clearly inconsistent with either the data, or the alarming simulations of old-age poverty in the years to come. Old-age saving (OAS) schemes are widely used policy instruments to address this challenge, but structural evaluations of such instruments remain rare. We develop a framework with incompletely rational agents: lacking financial literacy and experiencing commitment difficulties. We study a broad selection of OAS schemes and find that they raise welfare of financially illiterate agents and to a lesser extent improve welfare of agents with a high degree of time inconsistency. They also reduce the incidence of poverty at old age. Unfortunately, these instruments are fiscally costly, induce considerable crowd-out and direct fiscal transfers mostly to those agents, who need it the least.

Keywords: old-age savings; incomplete rationality; welfare effects (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H31 H55 I38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age, nep-dge, nep-fle and nep-pbe
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1)

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:rim:rimwps:20-06

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