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Federal Transfers and Fiscal Discipline in India: An Empirical Evaluation

Antra Bhatt and Pasquale Scaramozzino

No 343, ADB Economics Working Paper Series from Asian Development Bank

Abstract: This paper examines the relationship between federal transfers and fiscal deficits in India. The system of federal transfers has been criticized on the grounds that it distorts the incentives for states to promote fiscal discipline. We analyze the relationship between transfers, state domestic product, and fiscal deficit for a panel of states during the period 1990–2010. The paper finds a positive long-run relationship and bi-directional causality between primary/gross fiscal deficits and non-plan transfers. Further, a negative long-run relationship and one-way causality between state domestic product and transfers is observed, with causality going from state product to transfers. These results are confirmed by multi-variate cointegration analysis, which finds a long-run relationship between fiscal transfers, state product per capita and the primary deficit of the states. The evidence in the paper is consistent with the system of fiscal transfers being “gap- filling.”

Keywords: federal transfers; India; public finance; panel cointegration; panel ECM (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C33 H77 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 20 pages
Date: 2013-03-31
Note: http://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/pub/2013/economics-wp-343-federal-transfers-fiscal-discipline-india.pdf
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