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Solutions for SMEs’ difficulties in accessing finance: Asian experiences

Naoyuki Yoshino and Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary ()
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Naoyuki Yoshino: Asian Development Bank Institute

No 768, ADBI Working Papers from Asian Development Bank Institute

Abstract: Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are the backbone of the Asian economy. They make up more than 96% of all Asian businesses that provide 2 out of 3 private sector jobs in the continent. Therefore, it is vitally important for the Asian economies’ economic success that they have fully functioning support measures for SMEs. However, SMEs face major challenges in accessing cheap finance, mainly because there is an asymmetric information problem between suppliers and demanders of funds, which hinders their growth. We highlight the difficulties of SMEs in accessing finance, and provide remedies for mitigating them. The remedies proposed in here include the development of credit information infrastructures for SMEs to remedy the asymmetric information problem, utilization of credit rating techniques for SMEs, the development of a sustainable credit guarantee scheme, the development of specialized private banks for SME financing, and the introduction of new ways of providing community-based financing such as hometown investment trust funds. We will provide operational examples from developed Asian economies such as Japan and the Republic of Korea, and developing Asian economies such as Thailand with a view to them being implemented in the rest of Asia.

Keywords: SMEs; Asian economies; credit rating; CRD; SME bank (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G21 G24 G32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cfn, nep-ent and nep-sea
Date: 2017-08-04
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