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Heterogeneous Effects of Migration on Child Welfare: Empirical Evidence from Viet Nam

Peter Morgan and Long Trinh

No 835, ADBI Working Papers from Asian Development Bank Institute

Abstract: We examine the heterogeneous effect of migration on left-behind children’s education and labor in Viet Nam. Since decisions to attend school and to work are jointly determined, we use a simultaneous equation modeling approach to estimate the effect of migration on child education and labor. Since migration also affects household welfare, we also integrate household welfare into our system of equations. We use a unique household-level data set collected in 2012 and 2014 in rural Viet Nam. We find that migration of other family members does not affect a child’s decision to attend school directly, but does so indirectly through an increase in time spent at work. However, migration might increase household income, and this may also have a positive effect on child education and reduce child labor. We also find some heterogeneous effects by type of migration (migration for education and migration for work purposes) as well as effects of sending money to migrants and receiving money from migrants on household income, child labor, and ultimately child education.

Keywords: child education; child labor; child welfare; migration; Viet Nam (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D01 D13 J13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-int, nep-knm, nep-mig and nep-sea
Date: 2018-04-25
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