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“Sanitation” in the Top Development Journals: A Review

Ma. Laarni D. Revilla, Fangqi Qu, K E Seetharam and Bhanoji Rao
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Ma. Laarni D. Revilla: Asian Development Bank Institute
Fangqi Qu: Asian Development Bank Institute
K E Seetharam: Asian Development Bank Institute
Bhanoji Rao: Asian Development Bank Institute

No 1253, ADBI Working Papers from Asian Development Bank Institute

Abstract: The top 12 development journals published a total of 18,329 papers during the period 2000‒2020. Of these, only 51 focused on sanitation and related issues, which are the focus of this review. Results were mixed on the efficiency of sanitation delivery since political factors and administrative characteristics vary across locations. Accountability and leadership, especially at the local level, appear to be important driving forces. There is a need for more case studies that analyze what works, and what does not, in specific locations. Also, further studies will have to investigate how to influence the norms, traditions, and beliefs toward favorably supporting household sanitation decisions. Additionally, governments should enhance their social welfare programs to address socioeconomic inequalities (i.e., income, gender, and rural-urban disparities), which also critically affect individual and household sanitation investments. Efforts at national and international levels are needed to encourage research on the various dimensions of sanitation.

Keywords: sanitation; sustainable development goals; systematic review; empirical evidence; accountability; health; education; gender (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I00 I30 O10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 16 pages
Date: 2021-04-12
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