Economics at your fingertips  

Does Maternal Employment Affect Child Nutrition Status? New Evidence from Egypt

Ahmed Rashad () and Mesbah Sharaf ()

No 2017-7, Working Papers from University of Alberta, Department of Economics

Abstract: Despite that maternal employment can increase family income; several studies suggest that it has adverse health consequences for children. The literature on the effects of maternal employment on children in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is sparse. In this study, we assess the impact of maternal employment on children’s health in Egypt, the most populous country in the MENA region. We use a nationally representative sample of 12,888 children under the age of five from 2014 Demographic and Health Survey for Egypt, to estimate the causal impact of mothers’ employment on their children’s nutritional status, as measured by the Height-for-Age Score (HAZ). We adopt various estimation methods and control for observed and unobserved household characteristics to identify the causal effect of maternal employment. These different techniques include Propensity Score Matching (PSM), and an Instrumental Variable Two Stage Least Squares approach. We find that maternal employment has a robust negative impact on child nutritional status in Egypt. However, the effect of maternal employment is understated when the Ordinary Least Squares and PSM are applied. More family-friendly policies for working moms are strongly needed in Egypt.

Keywords: Maternal Employment; Child Under-nutrition; Instrumental Variable; Egypt (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I15 J13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara and nep-dev
Date: 2017-08-14
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) Full text (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Does maternal employment affect child nutrition status? New evidence from Egypt (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Does Maternal Employment Affect Child Nutrition Status? New Evidence From Egypt (2003) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from University of Alberta, Department of Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Joseph Marchand ().

Page updated 2019-11-14
Handle: RePEc:ris:albaec:2017_007