Economics at your fingertips  

Fit for 55? An assessment of the effectiveness of the EU COM's reform proposal for the EU ETS

Theresa Wildgrube ()
Additional contact information
Theresa Wildgrube: Energiewirtschaftliches Institut an der Universitaet zu Koeln (EWI)

No 2022-4, EWI Working Papers from Energiewirtschaftliches Institut an der Universitaet zu Koeln (EWI)

Abstract: To achieve the EU’s new climate target of reducing emissions by at least 55% until 2030, the European Commission proposed a reform of the EU ETS in its ’Fit for 55’ legislative package. The reform entails an increase of the linear reduction factor (LRF), an adjustment of the intake rules for the Market Stability Reserve (MSR) and the introduction of a fixed threshold for the cancellation of allowances. A numerical discrete-time optimization model of the EU ETS assesses the impact of the reform as a whole and decomposes this impact into the effects caused by the three individual reform elements. The results show a significant impact of the reform with 48% higher prices in 2021 compared to the current regulation. Among other factors, the reform proposal has thereby significantly driven the observed price increase in 2021. The impact of the increased LRF is substantial, while the adjustments of MSR and Cancellation Mechanism are less important. While the proposed reform strengthens the EU ETS, the increased LRF and the adjusted MSR rules do not fully achieve their intended goals. The increased LRF may not reach the intended emissions reduction of 61% for emissions covered under the EU ETS. The adjusted MSR regulation may increase resilience to shocks. Yet, it may also decrease MSR intake, reducing the MSR’s ability to regulate allowance supply. The fixed cancellation threshold increases the predictability of the mechanism as intended. However, the changed cancellation volume has repercussions on the achievement of the emission reduction target.

Keywords: Fit for 55; EU ETS; Linear reduction factor; Market Stability Reserve; Cancellation Mechanism (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C61 D25 Q48 Q54 Q58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 32 pages
Date: 2022-03-28
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban, nep-ene and nep-env
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) ... 22-04_Fit-for-55.pdf Full text (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in EWI Working Papers from Energiewirtschaftliches Institut an der Universitaet zu Koeln (EWI) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sabine Williams ().

Page updated 2023-06-06
Handle: RePEc:ris:ewikln:2022_004