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A Reputation Economy: Results from an Empirical Survey on Academic Data Sharing

Benedikt Fecher, Sascha Friesike, Marcel Hebing, Stephanie Linek and Armin Sauermann

No 246, RatSWD Working Papers from German Data Forum (RatSWD)

Abstract: Academic data sharing is a way for researchers to collaborate and thereby meet the needs of an increasingly complex research landscape. It enables researchers to verify results and to pursuit new research questions with “old” data. It is therefore not surprising that data sharing is advocated by funding agencies, journals, and researchers alike. We surveyed 2661 individual academic researchers across all disciplines on their dealings with data, their publication practices, and motives for sharing or withholding research data. The results for 1564 valid responses show that researchers across disciplines recognise the benefit of secondary research data for their own work and for scientific progress as a whole—still they only practice it in moderation. An explanation for this evidence could be an academic system that is not driven by monetary incentives, nor the desire for scientific progress, but by individual reputation—expressed in (high ranked journal) publications. We label this system a Reputation Economy. This special economy explains our findings that show that researchers have a nuanced idea how to provide adequate formal recognition for making data available to others—namely data citations. We conclude that data sharing will only be widely adopted among research professionals if sharing pays in form of reputation. Thus, policy measures that intend to foster research collaboration need to understand academia as a reputation economy. Successful measures must value intermediate products, such as research data, more highly than it is the case now.

Keywords: data sharing; research policy; reputation; science; survey research (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C81 D02 D23 L89 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 26
Date: 2015
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-knm and nep-sog
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (4)

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