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HOW DOES ECONOMIC SOCIAL AND CULTURAL STATUS AFFECT THE EFFICIENCY OF EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENTS? A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON PISA RESULTS

Paolo Liberati (), Raffaele Lagravinese and Giuliano Resce

No 217, Departmental Working Papers of Economics - University 'Roma Tre' from Department of Economics - University Roma Tre

Abstract: This paper aims at investigating the effect of Economic Social and Cultural Status (ESCS) on the education performances of students, using the latest available waves of Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) survey (2009, 2012). The analysis is conducted at student level for all countries included in the PISA sample. The estimates are based on the conditional Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), applied for the first time in the Slack Based Measure. This method allows a detailed evaluation of the additional effort the students should do when they are operating in an ESCS that has a comparative disadvantage. Evidence is provided of a significant effect of the ESCS on student performances, with a strong heterogeneity among countries. It follows that some problems with the education sector may not be due to the education systems themselves, but to the economic, social and cultural gaps, which determine a persistence of inequality of opportunity.

Keywords: Data Envelopment Analysis; Efficiency; Education; Inequality of Opportunity. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C14 I24 I28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-eff and nep-eur
Date: 2017-03
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