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Business failure prediction: simple-intuitive models versus statistical models

Hubert Ooghe, Christophe Spaenjers and P. Vandermoere ()
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Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium from Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration

Abstract: We give an overview of the shortcomings of the most frequently used statistical techniques in failure prediction modelling. The statistical procedures that underpin the selection of variables and the determination of coefficients often lead to ‘overfitting’. We also see that the ‘expected signs’ of variables are sometimes neglected and that an underlying theoretical framework mostly does not exist. Based on the current knowledge of failing firms, we construct a new type of failure prediction models, namely ‘simple-intuitive models’. In these models, eight variables are first logit-transformed and then equally weighted. These models are tested on two broad validation samples (1 year prior to failure and 3 years prior to failure) of Belgian companies. The performance results of the best simple-intuitive model are comparable to those of less transparent and more complex statistical models.

Pages: 41 pages
Date: 2005-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-ecm, nep-ent and nep-rmg
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:rug:rugwps:05/338

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