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INTERNATIONAL FOOD COMMODITY PRICES AND MISSING (DIS)INFLATION IN THE EURO AREA

Gert Peersman ()

Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium from Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration

Abstract: This paper examines the causal effects of shifts in international food commodity prices on euro area inflation dynamics using a structural VAR model that is identified with an external instrument (i.e. a series of global harvest shocks). The results reveal that exogenous food commodity price shocks have a strong impact on consumer prices, explaining on average 25%-30% of inflation volatility. In addition, large autonomous swings in international food prices contributed significantly to the twin puzzle of missing disinflation and missing inflation in the era after the Great Recession. Specifically, without disruptions in global food markets, inflation in the euro area would have been 0.2%-0.8% lower in the period 2009-2012 and 0.5%-1.0% higher in 2014-2015. An analysis of the transmission mechanism shows that international food price shocks have an impact on food retail prices through the food production chain, but also trigger indirect effects via rising inflation expectations and a depreciation of the euro.

Keywords: Food commodity prices; inflation; twin puzzle; euro area; SVAR-IV (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E31 E52 Q17 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-eec, nep-mac and nep-mon
Date: 2018-10
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Related works:
Working Paper: International Food Commodity Prices and Missing (Dis)Inflation in the Euro Area (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: International Food Commodity Prices and Missing (Dis)Inflation in the Euro Area (2018) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:rug:rugwps:18/947

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