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THE SPILLOVER EFFECTS OF OUTWARD FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT ON HOME COUNTRIES: EVIDENCE FROM THE UNITED STATES

Jitao Tang () and Rosanne Altshuler ()
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Jitao Tang: Ernst&Young LLP

Departmental Working Papers from Rutgers University, Department of Economics

Abstract: Most studies of foreign direct investment (FDI) spillovers focus on externalities of inward FDI to host country firms. However, spillovers may also be generated from outward FDI and flow to home country firms. We test for the presence of spillovers from U.S. multinational corporations to domestic U.S. firms in the same industry, downstream industries and upstream industries using firm level information from Standard and Poor’s Compustat data and industry level data on U.S. outward FDI from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. We find evidence of positive and significant spillovers flowing from multinational customers to their domestic suppliers. This is consistent with most previous studies of spillovers from inward FDI and may suggest a role for domestic policies that subsidize outward FDI. We also find that the presence of beneficial spillovers depends on several firm characteristics in

Keywords: Multinational enterprises; Foreign direct investment; Productivity spillovers; Absorptive capacity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F21 F23 F61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-cse, nep-eff, nep-ino, nep-int and nep-sbm
Date: 2015-01-04
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