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Peer Heterogeneity, School Tracking and Students’ Performances: Evidence from PISA 2006

Michele Raitano () and Francesco Vona ()

No 143, Working Papers from University of Rome La Sapienza, Department of Public Economics

Abstract: The empirical literature using large international students’ assessments tends to neglectthe role of school composition variables in order not to incur in a misidentification of peer effects.However, this could lead to an error of higher logical type since the learning environment cruciallydepends on peer variables. In this paper, using PISA 2006, we show how peer heterogeneity is a keydeterminant of students’ attainments. Interestingly, the effect of peer variables differs depending onthe country tracking policy: peer heterogeneity reduces efficiency in comprehensive systemswhereas it has a non-linear impact in early-tracking ones. In turn, linear peer effects are larger inearly-tracking systems. Results remain robust in both student- and school-level regressions andwhen we add school-level dummies and several controls correlated with the school choice toalleviate the selectivity bias.

Keywords: peer heterogeneity; peer effects; schooling tracking; educational production function. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 I28 J24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 37
Date: 2011-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-eff, nep-lab and nep-ure
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Working Paper: Peer heterogeneity, school tracking and students'performances: evidence from Pisa 2006 (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Peer Heterogeneity, Parental Background and Tracking: Evidence from PISA 2006 (2010) Downloads
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