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Second generation adolescents' competencies and the role of integration policies

Marilena Giannetti and Rama Dasi Mariani

No 180, Working Papers from University of Rome La Sapienza, Department of Public Economics

Abstract: Immigration into the OECD countries has seen a sharp increase since the middle of the 1980s, even if not at a constant rate. Integration policies are a fundamental tool to help the newly arrived to integrate and assimilate with the native population. While the literature on the immigrants' integration level is very rich for settlement countries (USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand) and for the few European countries that have a long tradition of immigration (Germany, UK, France), very little is yet known about other European economies that have only recently become destination countries. Indeed, the availability of data has made difficult to carry out comparative analysis of the integration process of immigrants in most of the EU countries, particularly for the second-generation. This research wants to fill this gap, analysing the role of the socio-economic background in the educational outcome of immigrants. Furthermore, we demonstrate how the effect of the socio-economic background is more or less pronounced in different EU countries that adopt different integration policies and have different education systems. In this work, we concentrate on second-generation adolescents and compare their performances with that of native adolescents and with that of first generation adolescents. The chosen indicator is the score obtained in the 2012 PISA test by each student (native, first and second-generation immigrant) in reading. We compare the results obtained for each of the EU15 member states and for the settlement countries. The results, in line with the prevalent literature, show a strong impact of the socio-economic background on the immigrant adolescents' performances. The effect is weaker in those countries where the integration policies concern disadvantaged children since an early age.

Keywords: Immigrant children; Education; Integration Policies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J15 I24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 26
Date: 2017-08
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