Is transparency spatially determined? An empirical test for the Italian Municipalities
Emma Galli (),
Ilde Rizzo () and
Carla Scaglioni ()
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Emma Galli: Department of Social and Economic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome (IT).
Carla Scaglioni: DiGiES, Mediterranean University of Reggio Calabria (IT).
No 6/18, Working Papers from Sapienza University of Rome, DISS
In this paper, we aim at assessing whether transparency is spatially determined at local level. To this end we use a new composite indicator (CTI) built by Galli et al. (2017) for a large sample of Italian Municipalities and control for several factors (socio-economic, fiscal and politico-institutional), which according to the literature affect transparency. Our preliminary results suggest that there is a statistically significant transparency clustering across the Italian municipalities, which follows a dichotomic pattern, i.e. either very low or very high. The empirical analysis shows that spatial dependence matters and similarities in transparency behaviour mainly occur among small Municipalities where citizens’ political participation is likely to be greater and the single ballot electoral system strengthens the incentives for government accountability.
Keywords: Transparency; local governments; spatial dimension; determinants. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: K2 K4 H3 H7 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-law and nep-ure
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