A New Test of Capital Structure
Colin Mayer () and
OFRC Working Papers Series from Oxford Financial Research Centre
This paper reports a new test of capital structure theories. It uses a filtering technique to identify large investment spikes. We find that the spikes are predominantly financed with debt by large firms and with new equity by small firms. In the process of financing large projects, firms move significantly away from their previous capital structure, as predicted by the pecking order theory. Furthermore, consistent with the pecking order theory, new equity issues are primarily associated with small, loss-making firms. However, we also observe a tendency for firms to adjust back to previous levels of leverage, consistent with a trade-off theory. We conclude that a combination of the pecking order and trade-off theories provides a good description of short-run and longer run dynamics.
JEL-codes: G32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cfn, nep-ent and nep-rmg
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Working Paper: A New Test of Capital Structure (2004)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:sbs:wpsefe:2003fe16
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