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Consumption Insurance or Consumption Mobility?

Tullio Jappelli () and Luigi Pistaferri ()

CSEF Working Papers from Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy

Abstract: The theory of full consumption insurance posits that households are insulated from all idiosyncratic shocks so that the ratio of the marginal utilities of consumption of any two households is constant over time. Consumption insurance therefore implies absence of consumption mobility between any two time periods. This implication requires knowledge of the evolution of the entire consumption distribution, not just its mean as in standard tests of complete markets. We test this unexplored prediction of the theory using a panel drawn from the Bank of Italy Survey of Household Income and Wealth. We design an appropriate non-parametric test and find substantial mobility of consumption even controlling for possible preference shifts and measurement error in consumption. The findings strongly reject the theory of full consumption insurance.

Keywords: Consumption insurance; mobility (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D52 D91 I30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 1999-04-01
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Published in Journal of the European Economic Association, 2006, vol. 4, pages 75-115

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