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Citizenship, Fertility and Parental Investment

Ciro Avitabile, Irma Clots-Figueras () and Paolo Masella

CSEF Working Papers from Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy

Abstract: Citizenship rights are associated with better economic opportunities for immigrants. This paper studies how in a country with a large fraction of temporary migrants the fertility decisions of foreign citizens respond to a change in the rules that regulate child legal status at birth. The introduction of birthright citizenship in Germany, following the introduction of the new German nationality law in 2000, represented a positive shock to the returns to investment in child human capital. Consistent with Becker's "quality-quantity" model of fertility, we find that birthright citizenship leads to a reduction in immigrant fertility and an improvement in health outcomes for the children affected by the reform.

Date: 2012-02-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem and nep-mig
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Published in American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2014, 6(4), 35-65

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Journal Article: Citizenship, Fertility, and Parental Investments (2014) Downloads
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