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Getting Off on the Wrong Foot: The Long-Term Effects of Missing a Large-Scale Amnesty for Immigrant Workers

Claudio Deiana, Ludovica Giua and Roberto Nisticò ()
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Claudio Deiana: Università di Cagliari and University of Essex

CSEF Working Papers from Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy

Abstract: We estimate the long-run effects of ineligibility for legalization on immigrants' formal employment and assimilation at work. Our empirical approach exploits the exogenous change in probability of obtaining legal status induced by a 2002 Italian amnesty program targeting irregular foreign workers. We show that immigrants unexposed to the amnesty have a 15% lower probability of being regularly employed a decade later than their counterparts. They also experience a deterioration in their working conditions in the long run, with increases in job immobility and segregation, and a decline in linguistic assimilation.

Keywords: Undocumented immigrants; Amnesty program; Formal employment; Discrimination; Segregation. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J15 J61 K37 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-09-30
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-iue, nep-lab, nep-law, nep-mig and nep-ure
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