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Immigration Restriction and The Transfer of Cultural Norms Over Time and Boundaries:The Case of Religiosity

Fausto Galli, Simone Manzavino and Giuseppe Russo
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Fausto Galli: University of Salerno
Simone Manzavino: University of Salerno

CSEF Working Papers from Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy

Abstract: We study the effect of an immigration ban on the self-selection of immigrants along cultural traits, and the transmission of these traits to the second generation. We show theoretically that restricting immigration incentivizes to settle abroad individuals with higher attachment to their origin culture, who, under free mobility, would rather choose circular migration. Once abroad, these individuals tend to convey their cultural traits to their children. As a consequence, restrictive immigration policies can foster the diffusion of cultural traits across boundaries and generations. We focus on religiosity, which is one of the most persistent and distinctive cultural traits, and exploit the 1973 immigration ban in West Germany (Anwerbestopp) as a natural experiment. Through a diff-in-diff analysis, we find that second generations born to parents treated by the Anwerbestopp show higher religiosity.

Keywords: second-generation immigrants; religiosity; immigration policy; cultural transmission. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D91 F22 J15 K37 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023-09-29
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cul, nep-eur, nep-evo, nep-his, nep-mig, nep-soc and nep-ure
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