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Additional Source of Gains From Trade: The Response of the Labor Market to a Decline in Tariffs

Turkmen Goksel ()
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Turkmen Goksel: Ankara University

No 7809653, Proceedings of International Academic Conferences from International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences

Abstract: A standard model of international trade has a setting with constant labor supply. However, this model introduces a consumption-leisure choice into a traditional model of international economics. Therefore, this paper focuses on the response of labor to changes in tariffs. Moreover, I show that there exists a positive optimal tariff rate which maximizes welfare in a setting with endogenous labor and compare this result quantitatively with the standard models using constant labor supply. This paper also focuses on the welfare implications of a decline in trade barriers (in terms of tariffs). I utilize a version of computational general equilibrium model of international trade (based on Armington assumption) where countries are potentially asymmetric in terms of labor endowment, productivity, etc. Eaton and Kortum (2002) derive a simple formula which shows the gains from trade and this formula is generalized by Arkolakis, Costinot, and Rodriguez-Clare (2012) in the case of iceberg costs and exogenously fixed labor supply. I generalize this formula in Armington setup with tariffs and endogenous labor supply and highlight the importance of both revenue generating tariffs and consumption-leisure choice.

Keywords: Endogenous Labor Supply; Optimal Tariff; Computational General Equilibrium; Welfare (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F10 F11 F16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 1 page
Date: 2018-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cmp and nep-int
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Published in Proceedings of the Proceedings of the 38th International Academic Conference, Prague, Jul 2018, pages 63-63

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