Mining closure, gender and employment reallocations: the case of UK coal mines
Fernando Aragon (),
Juan Rud () and
Gerhard Toews ()
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Juan Rud: Royal Holloway, University of London, https://www.royalholloway.ac.uk/economics/home.aspx
Discussion Papers from Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University
This paper examines the heterogenous effect of mining shocks on local employment, by gender. Using the closure of coal mines in UK starting in mid 1980s, we find evidence of substitution of male for female workers in the manufacturing sector. Mine closures increase number of male manufacturing workers but decrease, in absolute and relative terms, number of female manufacturing workers. We document a similar, though smaller, effect in the service sector. This substitution effect has been overlooked in the debate of local impacts of extractive industries, but it is likely to occur in the context of other male-dominated industries. We also find that mine closures led to persistent reductions in population size and participation rates.
JEL-codes: O13 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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