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Technical Efficiency and Small-scale Fishing Households in Tanzanian coastal Villages: An Empirical Analysis

Jennifer Sesabo and Richard Tol

No FNU-95, Working Papers from Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University

Abstract: The effort to conserve fisheries resources and improve the welfare of small-scale fishing households is an important objective of Poverty Reduction Strategies (PRS) in Tanzania. The success of such strategies depends both on the variation and the level of efficiency within small-scale fishing households. This paper examines the technical efficiency of small-scale fishing households in Tanzania using data from two coastal villages (Mlingotini and Nyamanzi). A stochastic frontier (with technical inefficiency effects) model is specified and estimated. The estimated mean technical efficiency of small-scale fishing households is 52%. Results show that the efficiency of individual fishing households is positively associated with fishing experience, size of farming land, distance to the fishing ground, and potential market integration and negatively related to non-farm employment and bigger household sizes. We find that future policies aiming at targeting conservation-development issues in fishing communities should be concerted to provide mechanisms, which improve the access of small-scale fishing households to less destructive fishing tools via provision of credits, and markets as well as the creation of new employment opportunities in other sectors.

Keywords: Fishing households; Fisheries development; Stochastic production frontier; Technical efficiency; Tanzania (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D13 O13 Q22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 37 pages
Date: 2006-01, Revised 2006-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-agr and nep-eff
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