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Children of Drought: Rainfall Shocks and Early Child Health in Rural India

Santosh Kumar, Ramona Molitor () and Sebastian Vollmer
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Ramona Molitor: University of Passau

No 1407, Working Papers from Sam Houston State University, Department of Economics and International Business

Abstract: Barker's fetal origins hypothesis suggests a strong relationship between in utero conditions, health, and overall child development after birth. Using a nationally representative population survey, this paper analyzes the impact of rainfall on early child health in rural India. We find that drought experienced in utero has detrimental effects on the nutritional status of children. Effects appear to be stronger for boys, low caste children, and children exposed to drought in the first trimester of the mother's pregnancy. Results are robust to alternative definitions of drought. Our estimates speculate that policies aimed at reducing vulnerability to negative rainfall shock may result into improved health and higher human capital accumulation in rain-dependent agrarian countries.

Date: 2014-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (11)

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Working Paper: Children of Drought: Rainfall Shocks and Early Child Health in Rural India (2016) Downloads
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