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What determines the provision of free elementary education across Indian states?

Nurzamal Hoque (), Ratul Mahanta () and Hiranya Nath
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Nurzamal Hoque: Department of Economics, Pragjyotish College, Guwahati, Assam (India)
Ratul Mahanta: Department of Economics, Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam (India)

No 2002, Working Papers from Sam Houston State University, Department of Economics and International Business

Abstract: An analysis of relevant data for 27 Indian states from 2005-06 to 2016-17 indicates that there were considerable variations in the provision of free elementary education (FEE) across states. While there was a slight decline in the access dimension of FEE, especially after the implementation of the Right to Education (RTE) Act in 2010, there were improvements in physical infrastructure, quality, and student support dimensions. The fixed-effect panel regression estimates overwhelmingly suggest that the FEE provision increases with per capita real NSDP, and decreases with child population growth and private school enrollment. Further, there is some evidence of FEE provision decreasing with an increase in rural population share and of it increasing with increases in child population share and the number of secondary schools.

Keywords: Free elementary education (FEE); Right to education (RTE) Act; India; access to education; per capita real NDSP; educational opportunity; education infrastructure (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I24 I25 I28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 32 pages
Date: 2020-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu
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