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Considerations on the Vices of Consent at the Conclusion of the Civil Legal Act in Romania

Cristian Dan ()
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Cristian Dan: “Dimitrie Cantemir†Christian University of Bucharest, Romania

Proceedings of the 19th International RAIS Conference, October 18-19, 2020 from Research Association for Interdisciplinary Studies

Abstract: Any civil patrimonial report born, modified or extinguished and of great value is concluded by one person, in the case of unilateral acts, or several persons in the case of bilateral or multilateral acts. The legal act, however, in order to be valid, ends with the observance of the essential conditions to produce its effects in exactly as the parties agreed at the time of their manifestation of will. However, even with the best of intentions, there are situations where the act is affected by certain vices of consent such as error, and other times when at least one of the parties pursues a hidden interest and uses certain malicious maneuvers or even violence to cause the other party to conclude a legal report. In these circumstances, if the vice is proved, the act thus concluded entails the sanction of relative nullity. The paper aims to analyze each of the vices of consent to the conclusion of legal acts from the perspective of civil law related to the legislation in force in Romania and the fundamental law of the Romanian state, viewed from the perspective of other branches of law closely related to civil law. Some conclusions at the end of the paper will aim to combine the four vices of consent and explain its entire content.

Keywords: civil law; violence; deceit; error; injury; vice of consent; civil legal act; administrative act; manifestation of will; relative nullity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 5 pages
Date: 2020-10
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Published in Proceedings of the 19th International RAIS Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities, October 18-19, 2020, pages 101-105

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