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Public Policy of Gender Equality in Albania in the Contexts of New Institutionalism

Eglantina Gjermeni () and Alkida Lushaj ()
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Eglantina Gjermeni: Parliament of Albania, Tirana, Albania
Alkida Lushaj: OSCE Presence in Albania, Parliament of Albania, Tirana, Albania

No 037Al, Working papers from Research Association for Interdisciplinary Studies

Abstract: The core of this paper is to analyze the public policy of gender equality in Albania, particularly on policy areas of political participation, in the context of new institutional approaches. Having done a research, this article attempts to explain the effects of mechanism as gender quota to the level of women's participation in politics and decision-making in Albania. At the same time, examines the challenges of gender quota implementation in Albania. In this paper, it is understood that the interpretation of “the gender inequality problem†determines the equality policies applied on this issue and the structure of formal institutions in that policy. That is, how the gender equality policy has been formed and applied as a public policy in Albania. Besides, equality policies and formal institutional structure on that issue is being formed depending on how “the problem of gender inequality†is perceived by policy-maker actors. In this paper, using the concept of gender as a process analysis, we find evidence that the implementation of gender quotas increased the number of women's participation in politics and decision-making and brought in a more diverse group of women. We also find that women in Albania still continue to face inequality and discrimination, and there is still a lot to be done, to enjoy their rights de facto and to have effective protection against gender discrimination.

Keywords: Gender Equality; Gender Quota; Public Policy; New Institutionalism (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gen and nep-tra
Date: 2018-11
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Published in Proceedings of the 11th International RAIS Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities, November 19-20, 2018, pages 246-251

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