The Principle of Legality
Daniel GrÄƒdinaru ()
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Daniel GrÄƒdinaru: Dimitrie Cantemir Christian University
No 044DG, Working papers from Research Association for Interdisciplinary Studies
The principle of legality, in criminal law, means that only the law can define a crime and prescribe a penalty (nullum crimen, nulla poena sine lege). It also embodies, that the criminal law must not be extensively interpreted to an accusedâ€²s detriment, for instance by analogy. According to that principle, an offence must be clearly defined in the law. The concept of law comprises written as well as unwritten law and implies qualitative requirements, notably those of accessibility and foreseeability. The requirements are satisfied where the individual can now from the wording of the relevant provision and, if need be, with the assistance of courtsâ€² interpretation of it, what acts and omissions will make him criminally liable. The principle of legality also includes the rule which prohibit the retrospective application of the criminal law to an accusedâ€²s disadvantage. That principle is enshrined in the constitutions of many countries as well as in the most important international convention that protects human rights.
Keywords: accessibility; criminal law; foreseeability; legality; retrospective application (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published in Proceedings of the 11th International RAIS Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities, November 19-20, 2018, pages 289-294
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