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The Basis of Punishment. The State’s Right to Punish

Mariana Mitra-Nita ()
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Mariana Mitra-Nita: Ovidius University of Constanta, Romania

RAIS Conference Proceedings 2021 from Research Association for Interdisciplinary Studies

Abstract: One of the three fundamental institutions of the criminal law is the sanction. It represents the right, and also the obligation of the state to intervene when a legal norm with a criminal character is violated. However, what is this right of the state to sanction? What is the origin of this right and what is its usefulness? These make up only a small part of the many questions that jurists and philosophers have raised throughout history, trying to objectively justify the basis of punishment. The reason for repression must consist not in the state’s desire for revenge, but in preventing in the future the commission of dangerous acts related to the most important social values, since, as Cesare Beccaria said, "it is more effective to prevent than to treat!" The need for punishment stems from the innate human instinct of conservation in order to preserve one's own species.

Keywords: punishment; rule of law; prevention; preservation; crime (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 9 pages
Date: 2021-03
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Published in Proceedings of the 21st International RAIS Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities, March 1-2, 2021, pages 161-170

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