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Incrimination of Freedom of Conscience or How “Life Beats the Movieâ€

Dragos Penca ()
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Dragos Penca: Legal Adviser, Bucharest, Romania, Ovidius University, Constanta, Romania

RAIS Conference Proceedings 2021 from Research Association for Interdisciplinary Studies

Abstract: During the communist dictatorship in Romania, many citizens fulfilling their compulsory military service were criminally convicted of insubordination on the grounds that they refused to join the army or because they refused to take the military oath. Among these young people, many were condemned for refusing to work on Saturday, considering the Sabbath as a day of rest. Following the December 1989 revolution, Romania compensated people sentenced to prison or other forms of persecution for political reasons through material means. In 2009, amid tensions between the Romanian state and the Religious Organization Jehovah's Witnesses, the High Court of Cassation and Justice, the Supreme Court in Romania, described the crime of insubordination in the army as a common law crime and not a political one, thus condemning all forms of manifestation of freedom of thought or freedom of religion as a crime of common law.

Keywords: Hacksaw Ridge; Jehovah’s Witness; conscientious objector; Romanian law; freedom of conscience (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 8 pages
Date: 2021-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his, nep-law and nep-tra
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Published in Proceedings of the 24th International RAIS Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities, October 17-18, 2021, pages 170-178

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