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The Criminal Phenomenon During the Pandemic Period in Romania

Cristian Dan ()
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Cristian Dan: Dimitrie Cantemir Christian University of Bucharest, Faculty of Juridical and Administrative Sciences – Law, Bucharest, Romania

Proceedings of the 20th International RAIS Conference, December 6-7, 2020 from Research Association for Interdisciplinary Studies

Abstract: In order to commit a crime, the perpetrator goes through numerous psychological states that are decisive and determined by the social, economic, cultural, cognitive and historical factors of the environment of origin and of the one in which he is to carry out the criminal action. Whether it refers to elements such as the physical, moral or intrinsic nature of the action taken, its analysis must take into account the elements that led the person to adopt such conduct. During the pandemic period, due to the imposition of social distance, the criminal phenomenon experienced a decrease in the diversity of crimes and also a significant increase in the intensity with which illicit actions are committed in certain areas that do not require direct contact between perpetrator and victim. The article aims to analyze some such illegal actions from the perspective of the constituent elements of a criminal law offense, the manner and factors that determined their commission and the relationships created between the active and passive subject during the pandemic period in Romania. Some conclusions, at the end of the paper, will aim at synthesizing all the information presented during it, analyzing the contribution of the state of emergency to reducing crime for certain facts and increasing it for others.

Keywords: pandemic; criminal law; psychology; criminal act; victims; Criminal Cod; The Romanian Constitution; constituent elements; social values (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 5 pages
Date: 2020-12
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Published in Proceedings of the 20th International RAIS Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities, December 6-7, 2020, pages 48-52

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