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A Quantitative Analysis of Tariffs across U.S. States

Ana Maria Santacreu, Michael Sposi () and Jing Zhang ()
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Jing Zhang: Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

No 2103, Departmental Working Papers from Southern Methodist University, Department of Economics

Abstract: We develop a quantitative framework to assess the cross-state implications of a U.S. trade policy change: a unilateral increase in the import tariff from 2% to 25% across all goods-producing sectors. Although the U.S. gains overall from the tariff increase, we find the impact differs starkly across locations. Changes in real consumption (welfare) range from as high as 3.8% in Wyoming to -0.3% in Florida, depending mainly on how exposed states are to differentially-impacted sectors. As a result, the "preferred" tariff rate varies greatly across states. Foreign retaliation in trade policy substantially reduces the welfare gains across states, while perpetuating the cross-state variation in those gains. The presence of internal trade frictions amplifies the welfare impacts of changes in trade policy.

Keywords: International trade; Interstate trade; Welfare gains from trade. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F11 F62 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-05
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Related works:
Working Paper: A Quantitative Analysis of Tariffs Across U.S. States (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: A Quantitative Analysis of Tariffs across U.S. States (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: A Quantitative Analysis of Tariffs across U.S. States (2019) Downloads
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