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Small and Medium Cities and Development of Mexican Rural Areas

Julio Berdegue () and Isidro Soloaga ()

Working Paper Series Sobre México from Sobre México. Temas en economía

Abstract: Like the rest of Latin America, Mexico is a highly-urbanized country. Yet rural populations, geographies and economic activities continue to play a significant role in national development, while there are persistent and large rural-urban inequalities in well-being and opportunities. Promoting rural-urban linkages has been proposed as a strategy to reduce spatial inequalities, but there is much academic and policy debate about whether urban development has positive (spread) or negative (backwash) effects on rural development. This could translate into synergistic or predatory urban-rural linkages. This studyexamines how proximity to cities, and population and per capita income in cities, affectpopulation growth and welfare in ruralplaces in Mexico. Using data for 2000 and 2010, our findings include: (a) 75% of rural people live within 90 minutes of an urban area, and 60% within 60 minutes; (b) proximity to a city increases rural population growth and welfare; (c) adverse (backwash) effects on rural areasdue to increases in urban per capita income are very small and of no economic significance; (d) cities with populations in the 350,000 to 500,000 range appear to have more positive effects on rural areas than smaller or larger cities; (e) rural localitiesinteract with multiple urban places simultaneously.

JEL-codes: J10 O10 O18 O54 R10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-geo and nep-ure
Date: 2017-09-15
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http://www.sobremexico.mx/econinfo/wp.php?dl=67:5a6d74 First version, 2017 (application/pdf)

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Journal Article: Small and medium cities and development of Mexican rural areas (2018) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:smx:wpaper:2017005

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