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In God We Learn? The Universal Messages of Religions, their Context-Specific Effects, and the role of Minority Status

Pierre-Guillaume Méon () and Ilan Tojerow ()

No 16-036, Working Papers CEB from ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Abstract: We test whether major religious denominations have a uniform impact on education across the world. Using individual data from the World Values Survey for 77 countries, we find that no denomination consistently influences education and, in fact, for each denomination we study there are countries where its impact is significantly positive, significantly negative, or statistically insignificant. To explain this unexpected result, we relate our first finding to minority status and find that denominations that are a minority in a country have a positive effect on the level of education of their followers in that country. Both findings uphold a series of robustness checks, including changing the definition of minority religions, excluding outliers, and changing the measure of education.

Keywords: religion; education; minority (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 O50 Z10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-soc
Date: 2018-08-31
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Handle: RePEc:sol:wpaper:2013/276508