EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

STEM education and outcomes in Vietnam: Views from the social gap and gender issues

Quan-Hoang Vuong, Thanh-Hang Pham, Trung Tran, Thu-Trang Vuong, Nguyen Manh Cuong, Nguyen Phuc Khanh Linh, La Phuong () and Ho Toan
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Quan-Hoang Vuong

No 20-003, Working Papers CEB from ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Abstract: United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals 4 Quality Education has highlighted major challenges for all nations to ensure inclusive and equitable quality access to education, facilities for children, and young adults. The SDG4 is even more important for developing nations as receiving proper education or vocational training, especially in science and technology, means a foundational step in improving other aspects of their citizens’ lives. However, the extant scientific literature about STEM education still lacks focus on developing countries, even more so in the rural area. Using a dataset of 4967 observations of junior high school students from a rural area in a transition economy, the article employs the Bayesian approach to identify the interaction between gender, socioeconomic status, and students’ STEM academic achievemen ts. The results report gender has little association with STEM academic achievements; however, female students (αa_Sex[2] = 2.83) appear to have achieved better results than their male counterparts (αa_Sex[1] = 2.68). Families with better economic status, parents with a high level of education (βb(EduMot) = 0 .07), or non-manual jobs (αa_SexPJ[4] = 3.25) are found to be correlated with better study results. On the contrary, students with zero (βb(OnlyChi) = -0.14) or more than two siblings (βb(NumberofChi) = -0.01) are correlated with lower study results compared to those with only one sibling. These results imply the importance of providing women with opportunities for better education. Policymakers should also consider maintaining family size so the parents can provide their resources to each child equally.

Keywords: STEM education; Gender gap; Socioeconomic status; Social disparities; SDGs; Developing country; Rural area (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I24 I25 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-03-16
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-sea
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Published by:

Downloads: (external link)
https://dipot.ulb.ac.be/dspace/bitstream/2013/303397/3/wp20003.pdf Full text for the whole work, or for a work part (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: STEM education and outcomes in Vietnam: Views from the social gap and gender issues (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: STEM education and outcomes in Vietnam: Views from the social gap and gender issues (2020) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:sol:wpaper:2013/303397

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://hdl.handle.ne ... lb.ac.be:2013/303397

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers CEB from ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Benoit Pauwels ().

 
Page updated 2020-09-23
Handle: RePEc:sol:wpaper:2013/303397