Bowling in Hawaii: Examining the Effectiveness of Sports-Based Tourism Strategies
Robert Baumann (),
Victor Matheson () and
Chihiro Muroi ()
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Chihiro Muroi: Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross
No 807, Working Papers from International Association of Sports Economists, North American Association of Sports Economists
We use daily airplane arrival data from Hawaii’s Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism to determine the net change in tourism for a variety of sporting events. We find two events generate a positive and significant net impact on arrivals: Honolulu Marathon and Pro Bowl. We estimate that the Honolulu Marathon produces between 2,183 and 6,519 in net arrivals while the Pro Bowl attracts about 5,595 to 6,725 in net arrivals. At the upper end of our estimates, the Honolulu Marathon and the Pro Bowl attract a nearly identical number of visitors despite the fact that the HTA spends nearly two-thirds of its budget on the rights to the Pro Bowl and spends nothing for the Hawaii Marathon. Neither event attracts the number of net arrivals claimed by its sponsor, and other sporting events do not generate any identifiable impact on tourist arrivals whatsoever.
Keywords: sports; stadiums; impact analysis; mega-event; tourism; marathons; Pro Bowl (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L83 O18 R53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-spo and nep-tur
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Working Paper: Bowling in Hawaii: Examining the Effectiveness of Sports-Based Tourism Strategies (2008)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spe:wpaper:0807
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