Debt holder monitoring and implicit guarantees: did the BRRD improve market discipline?
Jannic Alexander Cutura
No 111, ESRB Working Paper Series from European Systemic Risk Board
This paper argues that the European Unions Banking Recovery and Resolution Directive (BRRD) improved market discipline in the European bank market for unsecured debt. The different impact of the BRRD on bank bonds provides a quasi-natural experiment that allows to study the effect of the BRRD within banks using a difference-in-difference approach. Identification is based on the fact that (otherwise identical) bonds of a given bank maturing before 2016 are explicitly protected from BRRD bail-in. The empirical results are consistent with the hypothesis that debt holders actively monitor banks and that the BRRD diminished bail-out expectations. Bank bonds subject to BRRD bail-in carry a 10 basis points bail-in premium in terms of the yield spread. While there is some evidence that the bail-in premium is more pronounced for non-GSIB banks and banks domiciled in peripheral European countries, weak capitalization is the main driver. JEL Classification: G18, G21, H81
Keywords: bail-in; banking regulation; BRRD; moral hazard (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:srk:srkwps:2020111
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