Disciplinary Sanction and Social Pressure in English Premiership Soccer
Barry Reilly () and
Robert Witt ()
Working Paper Series from Department of Economics, University of Sussex Business School
This paper uses player/match level data drawn from five playing seasons of the English Premiership League (EPL) to test for the presence of a refereeing susceptibility to social pressure in the application of soccer’s commonest sanction, the yellow disciplinary card. Using both player-specific fixed and random effects models, tentative support for the proposition is uncovered. The estimated effect, however, is found to be negligible in magnitude and unlikely to influence match outcomes in a meaningful way.
Keywords: Disciplinary Sanction; Referees; Social pressure (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C23 D81 L83 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:sus:susewp:08816
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