Violence and Children’s Education: Evidence from Administrative Data
No 2019-16, Working Papers from University of Sydney, School of Economics
This paper exploits the sharp escalation of violence in Colombia in the 1980s associated with the emergence of drug cartels to provide novel evidence on the long-run effects of violence exposure throughout the life-course, on children’s educational attainment and academic achievement, using administrative data. I find that, a higher homicide rate in early-childhood is associated with a higher probability of school dropout and conditional on completing high school, lower scores on a national end-of-high school exam. Results are robust to several falsification tests, analyses of potential sources of selection bias, and to controlling for family fixed effects. I provide suggestive evidence that changes in fetal, child, and adolescent health outcomes are important potential mechanisms.
Keywords: Education; Human capital formation; Early-life shocks; Violence; Parental investments (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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