EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Effective Corporate Taxation, Tax Incidence and Tax Reforms: Evidence from OECD Countries

Salvador Barrios (), Gaëtan Nicodème () and Antonio Jesus Sanchez Fuentes ()

No 45, Taxation Papers from Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission

Abstract: The present study provides estimates of the Effective Marginal Tax Rates (EMTRs) for a sample of 17 OECD countries and 11 manufacturing sectors in a single framework encompassing capital, labour and energy taxes. Our cross-country/cross-sector approach allows us comparing the incentives provided by the tax systems and gauging the effects of tax changes taking explicitly into account the possible substitution between factors as well as their tax incidence. Our results suggest that the OECD tax systems provide different incentives for manufacturing activity across countries and that tax systems are relatively neutral with respect to the sectoral composition of manufacturing activities. The impact of potential tax increases on firms´ activity is found to be most attenuated when shifted towards consumers and/or employees rather than energy consumption and/or capital investors. These results are robust to alternative hypotheses regarding the tax incidence parameters, elasticity of substitution between factors and mark-up on final prices. In addition, policy strategies favouring tax increases on energy consumption and lowering taxes on labour can substantially reduce the EMTRs and thus yield substantial efficiency gains for firms. These reforms should in some instances be ambitious enough to produce desired effects on firms’ EMTRs, however.

Keywords: Taxation; Tax incidence; Effective Taxation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H20 H22 H24 H25 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 64 pages
Date: 2014-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-acc, nep-cse, nep-eur, nep-pbe and nep-pub
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (5) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/sites/taxati ... axation_paper_45.pdf final version, 2014 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Effective Corporate Taxation, Tax Incidence and Tax Reforms: Evidence from OECD Countries (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Effective Corporate Taxation, Tax Incidence and Tax Reforms: Evidence from OECD Countries (2014) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:tax:taxpap:0045

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Taxation Papers from Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Gaetan Nicodeme () and Ana Xavier () and Ioana Diaconescu ().

 
Page updated 2020-11-21
Handle: RePEc:tax:taxpap:0045